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National Hydraulic Research Center, National Engineering Center, University of the Philippines at Diliman

Diliman, Quezon City
Philippines

Outline
The National Hydraulic Research Center (NHRC) was established in 1973 as a unit of the University of the Philippines with the aim of creating a R & D center within an academic environment to conduct research and provide technical advice on various problems of water resources development and management, hydrology, hydraulic and coastal engineering, fluid mechanics, and other related fields. Its creation in the 1970's was very timely since the national government then started undertaking several water resources projects which required the technical inputs provided by both local and international experts in the field of water resources.

Research Achievements and Challenges: In almost 40 years of its existence as a unit under the umbrella of the U.P. College of Engineering and the National Engineering Center, NHRC has developed and served as the national center of water-resources expertise, and provided the support organization and physical facilities for conducting the necessary physical and mathematical modeling research and producing technical output and advice in water resources engineering and management needed by government and the private sector. The outputs and activities of NHRC are in the forms of improved designs and plans of hydraulic structures (developed either by physical or mathematical modeling), engineering application software, technical training and transfer of technology to clients' personnel, technical analysis and advice on particular problems, publications, lectures/seminars/conferences, and consultations and meetings with various concerned sectors in the water resources field.


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Central Engineering Consultancy Bureau (CECB)

Colombo
Sri Lanka

Outline

The Natural Resources Management and Laboratory Services (NRM&LS), is an AGM unit of the Central Engineering Consultancy Bureau (CECB) functioned under the Ministry of Mahaweli Development & Environment, Sri Lanka. Finding the utmost importance of preserving the environment while catering the construction sector, CECB has taken the initiative of establishing the NRM&LS, to fulfill the construction and industry related environmental issues in accordance to the government regulations.

Stating with the Moragahakanda Hydro Power Project in year 2000, today NRM&LS is engaged with a wide variety of Environmental Impact Assessments, Disaster Risk Assessments, Environmental Management Plan and Social Safeguard Studies both locally and internationally. Some of the major projects include Conflict Affected Region Emergency (CARE) Project conducted in Nothern Province in Sri Lanka, range of Irrigation Projects, Water Supply Projects, Mini Hydro power projects, Port City Development Project, Waste to energy development project which has a national significance and internationally for many Hydro Power projects and Social and Environmental Assessment such as the Nyamwamba Small Hydro Power Project ,Uganda which our commitment and dedication is highly involved.

The CECB laboratory services of NRM&LS comprises an advanced laboratory spectrum providing a range of sample testing including the Chemical and Environmental Laboratory, Advanced Concrete Testing Laboratory, Advanced Soil Testing Laboratory, Geotechnical Investigations and foundation excavation. Theses laboratories are well-equipped with the advanced instruments and latest technology network in which highly trained professionals involved in carrying out diversified testing methods and research projects to furnish the best solutions for around 2000 clientele.

At present, NRM&LS has its major involvements in the Mega City Development Projects conducted under the Government of Sri Lanka which concerns on Disaster Risk Management such as Floods, Droughts and Landslides. Our ultimate goal is to achieve sustainable development of the society through strong commitment in delivering engineering services entangled with public-private partnerships in the global industry.

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National Building Research Organizatio (NBRO)

Colombo
Sri Lanka

Outline
National Building Research Organisation (NBRO) the premier research & development institute established in 1984 has now grown in to a successful technical service provider and research & development institution where experts from multiple disciplines have teamed up and dedicated to create a disaster free built environment for the nation.

With the expansion of housing construction activities, particularly in the rural sector, the need for research and development into materials and technology locally available was felt. In order to provide this service centrally, the National Building Research Organization (NBRO) was established under the Ministry of Local Government, Housing and Construction in March 1984 by the merger of former Building Research Institute (BRI) of the State Engineering Corporation and the Soil testing Laboratory of the Department of Buildings.

In May 1988, the NBRO was brought under the Urban Development Authority (UDA), by a Cabinet decision. The activities of the NBRO expanded considerably and covered the areas of Human Settlements Development, Environmental Development and Structural Engineering Research and Project Management. Research and Development work on disaster mitigation related to landslides was also planned and carried out from 1988 onwards. Thus research and development activities of the total shelter sector were undertaken by the NBRO.

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UNESCO Chair in Water Resources

Khartoum
Sudan

Outline
UNESCO Chair in Water Resources (246), established in 1994 at Omdurman Islamic University (Sudan).
  • To promote an integrated system of research, training, information and documentation services in fields related to water resources.
  • To provide study programmes (master and Ph. D. degrees) in the field of water resources.
  • To establish a network of institutions in the countries sharing the same water resources.

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Global Risk Forum GRF Davos

Davos Platz
Switzerland

Outline
After the successful launch of IDRC Davos 2006, the need of a regular international forum to address most pressing issues in risk and disaster management was raised by international risk management professionals and institutions.

As the chairman and the organiser of the first IDRC Davos 2006, Walter J. Ammann implemented this request by founding the Global Risk Forum GRF Davos as the institutional framework. GRF Davos is since 2008 the organiser of the IDRC Davos conferences and promotes the worldwide exchange of know-how and expertise, creates solutions and fosters good practices in integrative risk management and climate change adaptation. GRF Davos aims through research, implementation, advocacy and networking activities at serving as a Centre of Excellence in knowledge and know-how exchange for the application of timely and appropriate risk management strategies, tools and practical solutions. GRF Davos is the publisher of two international electronic journals, namely Planet@Risk and the International Journal for Disaster Risk Reduction together with the publisher Elsevier.

Research Achievements and Challenges:

We aim to improve the understanding, assessment and management of risks and disasters affecting human safety, security, health, the environment, critical infrastructures, the economy and society at large. Our inside expertise, coupled with the experience and knowledge of our global network of engineers, consultants, and scientists, enable us to deliver projects in various domains. We provide services and do research in monitoring processes, risk analysis and provide solutions for the implementation of measures. We intervene in each phase of the disaster risk reduction cycle (prevention, intervention, recovery) with local and international projects contributing to lower collateral and human losses and a safer world.

Our research focuses on:

- Integrative Disaster Risk Management processes

- Resilience

- Vulnerability

- Natural Hazards

- Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

- Business Continuity

- Sustainable Development

- Capacity Building, awareness raising

Our main goals are:

  • To bridge the gap between science and practice
  • To promote the worldwide exchange of know-how and experience
  • To target solutions and promote good practice in integral risk management and climate change adaptation for an improved understanding, assessment and management of disasters and risks that affect human safety, security, health, the environment, critical infrastructures, the economy and society at large

To provide and manage a network for decision-makers, practitioners and experts from politics, government, IGOs, business, science, NGOs, media and the public

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Faculty of Geosciences and the Environment, University of Lausanne

Lausanne
Switzerland

Outline
The environment and its relations with society are at the heart of research and teaching in the Faculty of Geosciences and Environment. This broad subject area is examined through a disciplinary approach (geology, geography) and an interdisciplinary approach (environmental sciences) at the interface of natural, human and social sciences.

Teachers-researchers at the Institute of Earth Sciences and the Institute of Earth Surface Dynamics analyse and model historic and recent processes testifying to physical, chemical and biological changes on our planet linked to natural and anthropogenic factors. Teachers-researchers at the Institute of Geography and Durability are interested in the organisation of space, ecological thought, relations between society and the environment, and the sustainability of our ways of life.

Taking into account the complexity, plurality and diversity of geo-environmental challenges, educational programmes at the Faculty of Geosciences and Environment are based on fundamental sciences (mathematics, natural sciences, and human and social sciences) and their reconfiguration, combination and application in the real world. In addition, they find expression in different terrains, including Alpine and urban environments, not only in Switzerland, but also in Europe and elsewhere. After completing a core programme of multidisciplinary courses, students in geosciences and environment can specialise in a number of disciplinary and interdisciplinary fields.


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National Center for Research on Earthquake Engineering (NCREE)
National Applied Research Laboratories (NAR Labs)

Chinese Taipei

Outline
The National Center for Research on Earthquake Engineering (NCREE) was established in October 1990. Its laboratory, equipped with a tri-axial shaking table, an L-shape reaction wall system, and a large strong floor test bed allows earthquake engineering simulations of structural components or systems in full-scale.

Missions

  • To advance experimental and numerical simulation technologies: Construct and maintain the worldclass experimental facilities. Provide hardware, software and technical support to national and international researchers and practitioners on earthquake engineering simulations.
  • To develop and apply earthquake loss estimation technologies: Develop and enhance the Taiwan Earthquake Loss Estimation System (TELES) software for advancement of seismic disaster scenario simulation technologies.
  • To develop seismic design, evaluation and retrofit technologies: Advance seismic design, evaluation and retrofit technologies and code provisions for buildings and bridges to ensure structural resilience, and mitigate life and property losses during earthquakes.
  • To develop state-of-the-art seismic technologies: Conduct researches on innovative, environmentfriendly, and intelligent construction materials, technologies, and systems.
  • To promote educational outreach and consolidation of earthquake knowledge: Consolidate earthquake research findings, disseminate earthquake engineering and hazard mitigation knowledge to enhance earthquake awareness and public capability of emergency responses.

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Taiwan Typhoon and Flood Research Institute (TTFRI)
National Applied Research Laboratories (NAR Labs)

Chinese Taipei

Outline
The Taiwan Typhoon and Flood Research Institute (TTFRI) was established in 2011. Besides serving as an information-sharing platform to support academic research, TTFRI develops advanced prediction techniques of typhoon and flood to assist government agencies in disaster prevention, to mitigate the social and economic impacts of typhoon/flood-related disasters.

Meanwhile, TTFRI focuses on typhoon and floodrelated researches with regional characteristics and also devotes itself to nurturing talents for future worldleading researchers.

Missions

  • Construct atmospheric and hydrologic informationsharing platforms to support academic research
  • Conduct mission-orientated research to develop advanced techniques for disaster prevention and mitigation of typhoon and flood
  • Nurture talents for future researchers

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Disaster Prevention Research Center (DPRC)
National Cheng-Kung University (NCKU)

Tainan
Chinese Taipei

Outline
On July 31, 1996 , Typhoon Herb brought a tremendous rain and caused severe floods and sediment-related disasters especially debris flow disaster along the Chen-Yo-Lan river, the disaster prevention becomes a focal point as well as common needs of society.

Established in October, 1996, the Disaster Prevention Research Center (DPRC) of National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) is a part of the University's General Center in research, as well as one of the main institutions for disaster prevention and mitigation in Taiwan.

DPRC is established with the purpose of improving the technology and countermeasures of disaster prevention, and also study a suitable technical code for disaster prevention and rescue with specialists and researchers. The main missions are as following:

  • Conducting the research on the disaster prevention, and applying the research results to the actual work
  • Developing disaster prevention systems and establishing disaster prevention databases
  • Assisting the improvement of disaster prevention system and the promotion of disaster prevention works.
  • Organizing symposiums, workshops and promotional campaigns on disaster prevention, and participating in international academic exchange with professions in this field
  • Publishing academic journals and media presentations related to disaster prevention
  • Accepting commission of disaster prevention projects and providing expert consultation service.
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Tainan Hydraulics Laboratory (THL)
National Cheng Kung University (NCKU)

Tainan
Chinese Taipei

Outline
In the light of the nationwide contribution of hydraulic engineering, THL aims to focus on using the educational cooperative support system to resolve engineering problems. In the early days, THL endeavored in the research of harbor and marine construction and today its contribution has gained an international reputation.

The succeeding mission of THL is: 1.) Investigation, experiment, and analysis in the area of hydraulic and marine engineering; 2.) Research on national economic development and planning; 3.) Compiling and supervising projects for Water Resource Agency, Ministry of Economic Affairs; 4.) Creating hydraulic and marine database as well as Geographic Information System (GIS). 5.) Assisting interdisciplinary instruction, research, and practical training in order to make industries, officials, and academics into a whole and thus to achieve the terminal goal, globalization.


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National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction (NCDR)

New Taipei City
Chinese Taipei

Outline
Taiwan has beautiful natural environments, but it has a unique geographic location. It is situated in the subtropical monsoon region. There are plum rains every MayJune and typhoons every July 7October. This special type of climate often brings about torrential rains. Also, the steep landform and short river connections often cause serious flooding. Meanwhile, since it is located at the border of the Eurasian Plate and the Philippine Sea Plate, it is considered one of the regions in the world with the most frequent felt earthquakes.

Therefore, the frequent occurrences of natural disasters often result to serious damage and loss of lives and properties. The society often shows much concern toward disaster related problems. The government and the private sector also engage in disaster prevention and response works. However, due to rapid economic developments and social changes, disaster prevention works are less than adequate at present. In recent years, improved standards of living have resulted to higher demands for the protection of lives and properties. The government also finds it essential to promptly formulate effective disaster prevention and response strategies, strengthen disaster prevention technology research results and implement them in disaster prevention operations.

Since 1982, The National Science Council began promoting large disaster prevention research programs. Thus, in November 1997, disaster prevention and response operation based departments and bureaus co-setup the National Science and Technology Program for Hazards Mitigation. Year 1998 is the preparation year, 19992001 is the first term program execution period, and 200022006is the second term program execution period. Since the execution of the National Science and Technology Program for Hazards Mitigation, the setup of disaster prevention related data, potential disaster investigation and analysis, disaster scenario simulation and risk level analysis, early warning and forecasting techniques, disaster management decision support system, after-shock building safety diagnosis and reinforcement, structural anti-shock design and anti-shock capability assessment, HAZ-Taiwan system setup and application, disaster prevention education, disaster prevention and emergency response system, disaster prevention system review assessment, and disaster prevention strategies have received solid results. They have been applied in practical work and have laid solid foundation for future works.




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Center for Weather Climate and Disaster Research (WCDR)
National Taiwan University

Tainan
Chinese Taipei

Outline
  • Disaster Research Center (DRC), NTU was established on June 17th, 2003.
  • DRC changed the title and divisions as Center for Weather Climate and Disaster Research (WCDR) on February 9th, 2010.

  • Global climate change has frequently affect many natural disasters such as floods, mudflows, and landslides.
  • Due to global climate change, recent typhoons-Nari, Kalmaegi, Morakot, Fanapi, and Megi, and 88-flood catastrophe have incurred enormous damages and life loss in Taiwan.
  • Reinforce international communication and academic-industry collaboration, provide high quality service to respond the impact of global climate change in order to efficiently reduce disaster damages.

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Asian Institute of Technology (AIT)

Bangkok
Thailand

Outline

The Asian Institute of Technology promotes technological change and sustainable development in the Asian-Pacific region through higher education, research and outreach. Established in Bangkok in 1959, AIT has become a leading regional postgraduate institution and is actively working with public and private sector partners throughout the region and with some of the top universities in the world. AIT's Mission is:

To develop highly qualified and committed professionals who play leading roles in the region's sustainable development and its integration into the global economy.

Disaster Preparedness, Mitigation and Management (DPMM) at Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) uses interdisciplinary capacities (engineering, medicine, natural and social science, as well as management) to manage and minimize the effects of disasters in people on the front lines of disaster response and preparedness. It provides professional education and short term training for the capacity building of the Asia-Pacific as well as neighboring regions.

AIT's contribution towards disaster research is multi-faceted, starting from Disaster Education, Capacity development, Training, engineering and social solution for disaster risk reduction.

Non-availability of the scholarships and fund supports to the students from south Asian countries are found to be major challenge to create a large pool of students on disaster research.

Exploring the possible funding sources for student from various govt. department will be advantageous to create a sizable human resource, which can influence the development planning and help to build resilient community.


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Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) - Asia Centre

Bangkok
Thailand

Outline
The Asia Centre in Bangkok plays a key role in fulfilling SEI's mission to bridge science and policy to help advance sustainable development, through research, capacity-building, and engagement with stakeholders.

Formally established in 1989 by the Swedish Government, it has built a reputation for rigorous and objective scientific analysis in the field of environment and development. SEI Asia has a multinational staff with strong connections across the region.

Some of our staff specialize in research; others specialize in project and programme management, with a particular focus on policy impact. We carry out original research, plan and run trainings and capacity-building exercises, and synthesize existing knowledge to inform debate on emerging policy challenges. Both researchers and programme managers at the Asia Centre hold advanced degrees in the social and physical sciences.

SEI Asia has expertise in adaptation science, environmental education, environmental engineering and sustainable infrastructure, environmental science, development communications, disaster risk reduction, gender, geochemistry, geography, hydrology and water resources engineering, natural resource management, rural and regional development planning, social economy, sociology and public policy.

Aiming to actively contribute to a transition towards socially and environmentally sustainable development in Asia, the Centre has made it a priority to build a strong network of research and policy organizations in the region and to provide platforms to share knowledge and engage stakeholders. We also emphasize linking research to policy-makers and building capacity among regional partners, to enable them to more effectively inform and influence policy.

SEI Asia is hosting the Sustainable Mekong Research Network(SUMERNET). SUMERNET aims to support the sustainable development of the Mekong Region through scientifically robust, policy-relevant research and outreach. Read more about SUMERNET».


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Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute
Bogazici University

Istanbul
Turkey

Outline
In the frame of the 2010 Turkish-Japanese Year celebration in Turkey, a workshop on Earthquake Tsunami Early Warning Applications will be held at Kandilli Observatory Campus, Istanbul 5th October 2010, under the sponsorship of the Japanese General Consulate of Istanbul, Turkish Catastrophe Insurance Pool (TCIP) and Turkcell GSM Company.

Technological advances in seismic instrumentation and telecommunication permit the implementation of real-time rapid response and early warning systems. During large earthquakes, such systems are capable of providing from a few seconds to a few tens of seconds of warning before the arrival of strong ground shaking and enable quick reports about the damage estimates to determine where emergency response is most needed. An earthquake early warning and rapid response system can provide the critical information needed to minimize loss of lives and property, and to direct rescue operations.

After the Sumatra earthquake in 2004, the global community felt the need of establishing regional tsunami warning systems, and within this framework, KOERI is also setting up a Tsunami Warning Center which is expected to act also as a regional center under the UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission - Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Tsunami Early Warning and Mitigation System in the North Eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and Connected Seas (ICG/NEAMTWS) initiative.


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Disaster Management Centre
Bournemouth University

Poole
United Kingdom

Outline
Bournemouth University Disaster Management Centre (BUDMC) is a leading national and international centre on crisis and disaster management in the UK, and a fully designated Research, Knowledge and Enterprise (RKE) centre of Bournemouth University.

Established since 2001, the Centre has secured an international reputation for its work in research informed (R) knowledge (K), enterprise and professional practice delivery (E), with a particular international renown for excellence for 'in country' knowledge transfer. The Centre's has achieved major success in securing research informed professional practice contracts in Oman, Ghana, Nepal, Turkey, Sierra Leone, Croatia, Sri Lanka and Nigeria, complemented by UK contracts that are regularly delivered to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, and also include innovative market operations with the UK Independent School sector. The Centre also works closely with the private sector both in the UK and abroad.


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British Geological Survey
Natural Environment Research Council

Nottingham
United Kingdom

Outline
The British Geological Survey is a world-leading geological survey. It focuses on public-good science for government, and research to understand earth and environmental processes.

It is the UK's premier provider of objective and authoritative geoscientific data, information and knowledge to help society to:

  • use its natural resources responsibly
  • manage environmental change
  • be resilient to environmental hazards

The British Geological Survey is a part of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and is its principal supplier of national capability in geoscience.

It advances understanding of the structure, properties and processes of the solid Earth system through interdisciplinary surveys, monitoring and research for the benefit of society.

It is the UK's premier provider of objective and authoritative geoscientific data, information and knowledge for wealth creation, sustainable use of natural resources, reducing risk and living with the impacts of environmental change.

We are a world-leading geoscience centre for:

  • survey and monitoring
  • modelling and research
  • data and knowledge

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Cabot Institute, University of Bristol

Bristol
United Kingdom

Outline
The Cabot Institute, the University of Bristol's first flagship cross-disciplinary research institute, conducts world-leading research on the challenges arising from how we live with, depend on and affect our planet. It is rooted in a recognition of social and environmental challenges but inspired by the spirit of exploration personified by John Cabot (Zuan Caboto) and the City of Bristol.

Our main themes focus on the six major issues at the centre of the human-planetary relationship: global environmental change, food, waterand energy security, natural hazards and future cities and communities.

Each of these Themes comprises dozens of academics from disciplines spanning the entire university and partners from government, industry, civil organisations and the public. Within each Theme we harness world-leading strength in risk and uncertainty assessment, modelling and big data analysis (underpinned by £4M investment in high performance computing), and expertise in knowledge co-production, security and governance.

Crucially, the Cabot Institute brings these Themes - each vibrant in its own right - together. These are strongly interconnected challenges; and interconnected challenges require integrated solutions. The inclusion of a Future Cities theme is a unique feature of the Cabot Institute, arising from our strong partnership with the city of Bristol (European Green Capital 2015) and a recognition that addressing global environmental challenges must be based on a robust understanding of how we live.


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Evidence Aid

Oxford
United Kingdom

Outline

Those affected by, or at risk of, disasters and conflict have a right to receive humanitarian aid or disaster risk reduction support in the most timely, effective and appropriate way possible. To achieve this we need to know what works and what doesn't, and to ensure our actions and decisions are based on evidence. Evidence Aid aims to inspire and enable those guiding the humanitarian and DRR sectors to apply an evidence-based approach in their activities and decisions. We will stimulate and satisfy an increasing demand for evidence related to health outcomes, to improve the impact of humanitarian and DRR aid and contribute to a humanitarian and DRR sector where the evidence based approach will be used when and where appropriate.

Evidence Aid has successfully engaged in seven systematic reviews for the World Health Organization (details on request), a priority setting exercise (http://currents.plos.org/disasters/article/dis-13-0023-prioritization-of-themes-and-research-questions-for-health-outcomes-in-natural-disasters-humanitarian-crises-or-other-major-healthcare-emergencies/) and a Delphi study (http://www.evidenceaid.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Report-of-Round-1-of-Policy-Delphi-2016-08-22-FINAL1.pdf). In collaboration with Virginia Murray, Evidence Aid successfully co-organised a side event during the UNISDR Science and Technology Conference on the Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, addressing issues around evidence dissemination and publication. Afterwards Evidence Aid became a Sendai Framework Science and Technology partner to ensure continuing engagement. For 3ie (International Initiative for Impact Evaluation - http://www.3ieimpact.org/en/), Evidence Aid founder Mike Clarke, contributed to a scoping study to analyse the evidence base of evaluations in humanitarian assistance (http://www.3ieimpact.org/en/publications/3ie-scoping-paper-series/3ie-scoping-paper-1/). All these activities somehow contribute of a more evidence based approach, but not all are convinced this is needed or the best way forward. Evidence Aid will continue to try to convince people that there is a need for more robust evidence and advocate for a more evidence based approach to DRR.


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Institute for Risk and Disaster Reduction (IRDR)
University College of London


London
United Kingdom

Outline

Reducing the impact of disasters globally presents a colossal challenge that requires coordinated and collaborative action. The UCL Institute for Risk and Disaster Reduction (IRDR) brings together the wealth of knowledge and expertise across the university, and through research, teaching, public engagement and knowledge exchange aims to improve the understanding of risk and overcome the barriers to increasing resilience to disasters.


Natural hazards such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunami, floods and storms destroy lives and damage economies across the globe; pandemics have the potential to bring death and suffering on an unprecedented scale; while climate change may increase the severity of both natural and health disasters.

How society sees risk, how to link understanding of the causative mechanics to statistical approaches, and how to increase resilience and reduce the risk of disasters are common themes cutting across research in natural, environmental, health and technological hazards.

UCL is uniquely well-placed to lead research and teaching in risk and disaster reduction, with at least 70 academics across 12 departments and seven faculties involved in world-class research and practice in the field.

The IRDR, with its new academic staff, many jointly appointed with key UCL departments, its rapidly growing trans-disciplinary PhD research centre, integrative masters teaching, programme of public events and partnerships with humanitarian, financial, research and civil protection organisations, seeks to bring together this diverse expertise at UCL.

We aim to maximise the impact and value of UCL activities and to increase and enhance cross-disciplinary collaboration and cooperation globally.

We are part of the UCL Grand Challenges of Global Health, Sustainable Cities, Intercultural Interaction and Human Wellbeing.



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