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United Nations University
Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS)

Bonn
Germany

Outline
The world is in the midst of a global water crisis - where lack of adequate freshwater supplies and poor management threaten the health of both humans and ecosystems.

Each year, two million people are killed due to diseases caused by poor water quality and inadequate sanitation, and the health of millions more is harmed. Coastal oceans provide some 20% of the animal protein in the human diet, but are in a perilous state due to climate change and local degradation. These water problems will continue growing as world population climbs and climate change alters global water distribution patterns.

A critical factor contributing to the water crisis is the lack of indigenous capacity - educational, managerial, technological and institutional - for effective water management in many developing countries. UNU-INWEH acts as the "UN Think Tank on Water" and contributes to the resolution of the global water challenge through a unique programme of applied research and education. It conceives, develops, and manages water initiatives that help developing countries build their capacity for lasting improvements in human and ecosystem health, and overall reduction in poverty.

The United Nations University is not a traditional university in the sense of having a faculty, campus, or students. We respond directly to the regional and global water crisis and facilitate efforts to meet UN Development goals by providing a scientific evidence base. UNU-INWEH carries out its work in cooperation with other research institutions, international organizations, individual scholars, and scientists throughout the world.

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Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology (CEDIM)

Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen
Germany

Outline
The Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology (CEDIM) is an interdisciplinary research center of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). CEDIM operates under the leadership and direction of the directorate, coordinator and deputy coordinator. The coordinating committee meets regularly to oversee CEDIM's conceptual and personal planning. The advisory board is a group of external advisers in the field of disaster management.

In late 2011, CEDIM embarked on a new style of disaster research known as Forensic Disaster Analysis. In the new research program CEDIM Forensic Disaster Analysis (CEDIM FDA) CEDIM researchers will analyse disasters and their impact in near real-time. The core of CEDIM's new style of analysis is to examine disasters in an interdisciplinary manner with a focus on the complex interactions between (1) the natural hazard, (2) the technical installations, facilities, and infrastructures, and (3) the societal structures, institutions and capacities.

In the years before, CEDIM's research activities were devoted to several projects and research groups. Between 2003 and 2008 the focus of CEDIM research was on three pojects: Riskmap Germany, Megacity Instanbul, and Modelling of extreme flooding events. The main goal in the first CEDIM project, the Riskmap Germany, was to conduct an area-wide quantification of natural hazards and man-made hazards in Germany risks. For each community, the natural hazard that is likely to cause the highest damage was identified. The Megacity Istanbul project was an interdisciplinary project to analyze the consequences of earthquakes in rapidly growing metropolitan areas. The aim of the research project modeling extreme floodevents was the development of a modeling system to quantify risks of extreme flooding in large river basins. In the system, computer models and modules are coupled together to simulate the functional chain: hydrology - hydraulics - polder diversion - dyke failure - flooding - damage estimate - risk assessment.


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