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Department of Earth Sciences (DST)
University of Florence (Universita degli Studi di Firenze)

Firenze
Italy

Outline
The Earth Sciences Department of the University of Firenze has been recently recognized as National Centre of Excellence for scientific research and international relationship in the Geosciences field.

The department has 42 units of academic staff, 21 units of administrative staff and 130 non-permanent staff such as PhD students, assistant researchers. The Earth Sciences Department of the University of Firenze is, since 2004, the official Centre of Competence of the Italian Civil Protection for Remote Sensing and Geohazards (Directive of the Italian Prime Minister of 27 February 2004; Decree of the Head of the Italian National Civil Protection Department no. 252 of 25 January 2005).

In 2008 it was entitled "World Centre of Excellence on Landslide Risk Reduction 2008-2011" by International Programme on Landslide (IPL). This recognition was confirmed in 2011 and in 2014 for the third consecutive time. The Geohazards research group, which is established at Earth Sciences Department of the University of Firenze it is one of the largest centres for scientific and technological services on geohazards in Italy, currently composed by 51 full-time employees (Figure 1). The group counts 4 professors, 3 researchers, 7 technicians, 19 post-doc fellows, 15 PhD students and 3 administratives. It is the biggest centre in Italy in the field of Geohazards and Engineering Geology.

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Research Center for Potential Development of
Disaster Prevention (PDDP), Akita University

Akita
Japan

Outline
The center was established in January 2006 as one of research centers attached to the Graduate School of Engineering and Resource Science to make our community safe and peace from natural disasters,

and is composed of the following six research fields : 1) Earthquake disaster, 2) Tsunami disaster, 3) River disaster, 4) Slope disaster, 5) Volcanic disaster and 6) Information and plan for disaster prevention and mitigation.

The center aims to promote fundamental and applied studies that contribute to prevention and mitigation of natural disasters, to study and support regional disaster prevention and mitigation, and to educate and spread the knowledge of natural disasters on the general public, the local government staff concerned, the company personnel concerned and so on through lecture meetings, forums, seminars, symposiums, etc. In order to perform these aims, the center actively promotes cooperative researches and projects with national and local governments, companies, local communities and so on.

Postgraduate students may study in any of above fields towards the master's and doctor's degrees under the supervision of the center staff.

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Center for Disaster Management
Informatics Research (CDMIR), Ehime University

Ehime
Japan

Outline
The Center for Disaster Management Informatics Research (CDMIR) at Ehime University was established in 2006. In the beginning, it was composed of only four research divisions including Disaster Medical Care Research Division, Regional Disaster Prevention Research Division, Infrastructures for Disaster

Prevention Division, and Division for Disaster Information Network System in Asian Region, but in 2010, Nankai-Trough Earthquakes Research Division was also added so as to revisit the disaster preparedness plan against the widespread damage during Nankai Earthquake.

More recently in 2014, the number of research divisions has increased to six with the addition of Urban Design Research Division. CDMIR objectives are being met basically through the following two types of activities: (1) Support the local communities with disaster mitigation plans in Ehime (2) Strengthen collaborative relationship for disaster mitigation in Asia As a local disaster mitigation support, CDMIR has been annually convening Ehime Disaster Management Forums since 2009. The forum consists of public, private, and academia groups including the mayors of 20 cities and towns of Ehime prefecture. In 2011, the Association of Regional Disaster-Prevention Research in Ehime was established under the initiatives of CDMIR, to study the diverse disaster prevention and mitigation issues from a regional perspective. As one of the natural disaster hotspots of Asia, Ehime University has signed academic exchange agreement with five universities and colleges in Nepal that include Nepal Engineering College, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu University, and others. In 2006, a satellite office of Ehime University was also placed in Kathmandu Nepal to facilitate various Nepal-based disaster management activities of CDMIR. Since then, CDMIR has been conducting various research and training activities aimed at supporting disaster mitigation efforts of Nepal. International symposiums and seminars on disaster mitigation/management issues are also frequently organized. The overall goal of CDMIR is to promote regional disaster management as a part of societal development to foster disaster-resistant and disaster-resilient communities for Ehime, for Shikoku, for Japan, and for Asia.

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International Centre for Water Hazard and
Risk Management (ICHARM
)

Ibaraki
Japan

Outline
The mission of ICHARM is to serve as the Global Centre of Excellence for Water Hazard and Risk Management by, inter alia, observing and analyzing natural and social phenomena, developing methodologies and tools, building capacities,

creating knowledge networks, and disseminating lessons and information in order to help governments and all stakeholders manage risks of water-related hazards at global, national, and community levels.

To cope with major water-related disasters, such as floods, it is important and essential to strengthen not only individual but also organizational capacity in disaster management, because there is always limitation for what each person can do. Well aware of that fact, ICHARM conducts the following training courses which can contribute to organizational capacity development through training individuals.

* Comprehensive Management of River and Dam (JICA)

* Making JICA Training Program: Capacity Development for Flood Risk Management with IFAS (JICA)

* Water-related Risk Management Course of Disaster Management Policy Program (JICA & GRIPS)


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International Consortium on Landslides (ICL)

Kyoto
Japan

Outline
The International Consortium on Landslides (ICL) created at the Kyoto Symposium in January 2002 is an International non-governmental and non-profit scientific organization. The ICL established the International Programme on Landslides (IPL) as a programme of ICL by 2006 Tokyo Action Plan.

The International Programme on Landslides (IPL) was launched to create a new global multidisciplinary programme on landslides at the first session of Board of Representatives of ICL (BOR/ICL) at UNESCO Headquarters, Paris, in November 2002. The Programme was developed to a global cooperation programme through the thematic session on landslides in the second United Nations World Conference on Disaster Reduction (WCDR), Kobe, Japan in January 2015. The IPL was defined and established by the 2006 Tokyo Action Plan "Strengthening Research and Learning on Landslides and Related Earth System Disasters for Global Risk Preparedness", the output of the Tokyo Round Table Discussion "Strengthening Research and Learning on Earth System Risk Analysis and Sustainable Disaster Management within UN-ISDR as Regards Landslides" held at the United Nations University, Tokyo, from 18th to 20th January, 2006. In 2006, the International Consortium on Landslides exchanged Memorandum of Understandings to promote IPL with each of ICL supporting organizations:

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Crisis & Security Management
Research Center (CSMRC), Kagawa University

Kagawa
Japan

Outline

The Crisis and Security Management Research Center was established in April 2008. It aims to contribute to the safety and security of Local communities by developing advanced academic, technological and educational research projects for protecting human lives and property against man-made disasters such as terrorism, accidents and crime, as well as natural disasters such as earthquakes, tsunami, storm surge, and flooding.

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Research and Education Center for Natural Hazards
Kagoshima University

Kagoshima
Japan

Outline
Through the Nansei Islands in the southern Kyushu, torrential rain, typhoons, volcanic eruption, and a variety of other natural disasters caused by such earthquakes (wind and flood damage, sediment-ground disaster, volcano, earthquake disaster, tsunami disaster, etc.) have affected the area. Disaster will change with the times, large scale, and composite.

Nuclear disaster should also be considered as a new challenge. And the establishment of a regional disaster prevention system that corresponds to this new situation, the promotion of a comprehensive disaster prevention education and research has become an urgent issue to support it.

Kagoshima University Disaster Prevention Education and Research Center, in order to reduce the prevention of disasters in the Nansei Islands region from the southern Kyushu, actual elucidation of the disaster, prediction, disaster prevention education, disaster emergency response, cooperation with local challenges such as disaster recovery reconstruction on effort, do the activities towards the improvement of the local disaster prevention force.

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Research Center for Social Safety Science, Faculty of Safety Science, Kansai University

Osaka
Japan

Outline
Natural and man-made disasters reveal problems that we typically fail to notice in our daily lives. The Faculty of Safety Science aims to minimize natural and man-made disasters through finding and solving existing problems by carefully observing society, people and nature through the lens of safety and security.

The faculty intends to foster human resources equipped with problem-solving capabilities by developing studies into specialized fields including law, politics, economics, business administration, psychology, sociology, science, informatics, engineering and social medicine as well as comprehensive study of all fields.

The curriculum is centered on the two categories of accidents and natural disasters. Students participate in small-group seminars, and learn current cases of man-made disasters including accidents and natural disasters, while conducting exercises, research and simulations. In the autumn term of their second year, students take either the Man-made Disaster Management Course, or the Natural Disaster Management Course. Depending on their interests and future courses, students are expected to acquire the ability to formulate and implement policies related to safety and security, and thus contributing to society in several fields after graduation.


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Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University

Kanazawa
Japan

Outline
The solution of various environmental issues caused by both natural phenomena and human activities is one of the most important challenges imposed upon the science and engineering of the 21st century.

The Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology at Kanazawa University was established for the purpose to this challenge.

The area of the Circum-Sea of Japan has already become one of the core socio-economic areas of the world due to a significant development of industrial and economic activities. However, atmospheric and oceanic environmental changes caused by human activities have been obvious in the area. Harmful influence of such changes extends to human health and terrestrial ecosystem of the area.
The Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology at Kanazawa University promotes environmental research and education to solve the emergent environmental issues of the area of the Circum-Sea of Japan and to create sustainable future environments in co-operation with the domestic and overseas institutions.

The Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology at Kanazawa University was established as a university joint research and education facility in 2002 on the basis of streamlining plan of existing university facilities such as "Low Level Radioactive Laboratory" at Faculty of Science, "Marine Laboratory" at Faculty of Science, "Electromagnetic Field Control Laboratory" at Faculty of Engineering, and "Botanical Garden" at Faculty of Science. The institute was integrated with the"Japan Sea Research Institute" at Kanazawa University in 2007 to promote the 21st COE Program"Environmental Monitoring and Prediction of Long- & Short-Term Dynamics of Pan-Japan Sea Area". Further, the institute was again reorganised in 2015 to promote environmental research and education in the pursuit to create sustainable future environments of the world.

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Research and Development Center of Fire and Environmental Safety (RDFES), The University of Kitakyushu

KitaKyushu
Japan

Outline
The Research and Development center of Fire and Environmental Safety (RDFES) was established in April 2008 as a research institute within the Faculty of Environmental Engineering, at the University of Kitakyushu.

Founded as an initiative of Prof. Kazuya Uezu, its first director, RDFES is the first academic institute in Japan to contribute to environmental engineering and firefighting technology with the aim of promoting social safety.

RDFES has become well known among firefighting professionals for its development of an "Environmentally friendly soap-based firefighting agent," as well as new equipment that maximizes the effectiveness of the agent. This is just one example of successful collaboration between RDFES, the Kitakyushu City Fire and Disaster Management Department, a local soap company, and major firefighting enterprises in Japan. Today, RDFES is entering a new research area involving local communities and governments, which aims to mitigate and minimize the risk of fire and natural disasters. Researchers are engaged not only in the development of hardware but also in the creation of an organized social movement that could ensure more effective use of the hardware. Reaching out to local communities reflects the center's position to always welcome new partners to join our important and exciting research activities.


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Research Center for Urban Safety and Security (RCUSS), Kobe University

Kobe
Japan

Outline
The Research Center for Urban Safety and Security (RCUSS) was established on May 11, 1996, about one year following the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake.

The mission of RCUSS is to make contributions in building safe and secure urban society by developing the visions towards such society and by conducting researches and educations on suitable methodologies and frameworks in realizing such society.

The urban society needs to be above of all a safe and secure place to live, while it serves various and extensive functions for lively industrial, economic and cultural activities, as well as comfortable and pleasant living environments.

The urban society is however composed of huge and complex societal and infrastructure systems, accompanied by problems such as urbanization and overcrowding.

Thus such society is highly vulnerable to the natural disasters such as earthquakes and floods, as well as to the environmental destruction and pollution due to human and industrial activities.

The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake has taught us, through painful sacrifices of people and society, that urban cities are highly vulnerable to disasters and that integrated and holistic researches are required on building a safe and secure urban society. Kobe University that was the only multidisciplinary national university in the quake-stricken area has thus proposed to establish the RCUSS to orchestrate interdisciplinary and integrated researches, both in hardware and software aspects of society, with the aim of creating genuinely safe and secure urban society.

The Ministry of Education has granted this request by renewing and expanding the former Reclamation Engineering Research Institute at Kobe University


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Implementation Research and Education System Center for Reducing Disaster Risk (IRESC), Kumamoto University

Kumamoto
Japan

Outline
The IRESC promotes a wide range of educational and research activities for disaster-reductionoriented society that can respond promptly and flexibly to disasters.

Our activities extend from the academic circle of universities to the 'field campus' of local communities.

They intend to link the universities' research innovation with the implementation of their achievements in society seamlessly as social-knowledge technology. In addition, they aim at nurturing human resources that will contribute to the establishment of robust and resilient social systems against disasters. Organization The IRESC consists of three divisions;

1 ) Research Division for Disaster Reduction in Natural and Social Systems

2 ) Implementation Division of Science and Technology into Society

3 ) Education Division for Disaster Prevention and Reduction

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Institute of Disaster Area Revitalization, Regrowth and Governance (IDiARRG), Research Institute for Disaster Area Reconstruction, Kwansei Gakuin University

Hyogo
Japan

Outline
The first research facility in Japan devoted to research on reconstructing disaster-struck areas. It was created on January 17, 2005, the tenth anniversary of the earthquake that devastated Kobe in 1995.

In 2008, the institute, a research center open to the public, joined with nationwide researchers, media representatives, volunteers and lawmakers in creating the Japan Society for Disaster Recovery and Revitalization. In 2009, the institute released a draft for a Basic Law on Disaster Reconstruction, and is now working on promoting it.


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Disaster Prevention Research Institute (DPRI)
Kyoto University

Kyoto
Japan

Outline
In 1951, the Disaster Prevention Research Institute (DPRI) was established for research on mechanisms of natural hazards and mitigation of disasters. Since then, DPRI has been a leader in many aspects of natural disaster science, promoting interdisciplinary studies in collaboration with other universities and institutions in Japan.

The current mission of DPRI is to study the mechanisms of natural hazards, establish integrated methodologies for disaster reduction based on natural and social sciences, and educate graduate students in science, engineering, and informatics. DPRI has five research divisions, six research centers, and a division of technical affairs. In addition, 15 laboratories and observatories located in western Japan conduct experimental studies and field observations on natural hazards. To promote integrated research projects, each division and center belongs to one of four research groups: 'Integrated Arts and Sciences for Disaster Reduction', 'Seismic and Volcanic Hazards', 'Geohazards', and 'Atmosphere-Hydrosphere Hazards'. DPRI provides the public with scientific results and knowledge on natural hazards and advises national and local governments on disaster prevention strategies.



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Disaster Risk Reduction Research Center
Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University

Fukuoka
Japan

Outline
The Faculty of Engineering in Kyushu University is the fourth oldest faculty among Japanese universities, and was founded as the College of Engineering of Kyushu Imperial University in 1911. In 1919, the College of Engineering was reorganized as the Faculty of Engineering.

In 1947, the Faculty of Engineering of Kyushu Imperial University was renamed as the Faculty of Engineering of Kyushu University.

The Faculty of Engineering in Kyushu University has focused on basic education, which provides the foundation for each specialized field, to train students to become people who will play an important role in manufacturing which has led to Japan's development. Our graduates have played a leading role in technological developments in many companies, and our education is highly recognized in industry. Therefore, Kyushu University will continue to focus on basic education in the future.

The Disaster Risk Reduction Research Center, Urban System Planning deals with a wide range of urban problems such as a declining population in local cities and a deterioration of the global environment.


At the point of urban traffic, these circumstances are analyzed and their structures, discuss the solutions and propose them to the government.

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Research Institute for Applied Mechanics (RIAM), Kyushu University

Fukuoka
Japan

Outline
The Research Institute for Applied Mechanics (RIAM) was established in 1951, consisting of two research divisions, to pursue research in fluid mechanics and solid mechanics. Three divisions and two research facilities later became affiliated with the institute.

In 1997, RIAM was reorganized
as an interuniversity collaboration research institute and became a Center of Excellence (COE), nationally promoted by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. RIAM consists of three research divisions and two research centers: the Division of Fundamental Mechanics, the Division of Ocean Atmosphere Dynamics, the Division of Plasma and Material Science, Dynamics Simulation Research Center (DSRC), and the Advanced Fusion Research Center (AFRC). DSRC has started to play a central role in advancing studies on the dynamics of the ocean and atmosphere, particularly for the Sea of Japan. The facility for AFRC was expanded and recognized as a COE in Fusion Science Networking in Japan.

The present research areas of RIAM encompass a wide range of experimental and theoretical fields from micro mechanical phenomena on an atomic scale, to macro mechanical phenomena on a global scale. In addition to individual research at the divisions and centers of the institute, two large research projects have been organized in interdisciplinary research areas: the ocean atmosphere science and engineering research project and the fundamental fusion research project utilizing a spherical tokamak "QUEST" which is now under construction. The aim of the QUEST Project is to investigate both long duration current drive of a spherical tokamak plasma and plasmawall interaction with advanced wall control. RIAM academic staff also play an important role in education through participating in departments of the Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Sciences (Molecular and Material Sciences, Advanced Energy Engineering Science, and Earth System Science and Technology) and the Graduate School of Engineering (Aeronautics and Astronautics).

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Center of Environmental Science and Disaster Mitigation for Advanced Research
Muroran Institute of Technology

Hokkaido
Japan

Outline
The center was established to help improve the global environment and conserve regional environments and to develop technologies and systems in preparation for natural disasters.

As part of the institute's social contribution, the center, which is staffed by faculty members from a variety of fields transcending departmental boundaries, carries out research related to the environment, disaster prevention and new energy in collaboration with other centers on campus.

We are striving to contribute to global environmental improvements and the preservation of local environments, and to develop disaster management technologies and systems that will help prepare us for natural disasters.
We organize our instructors in such a way that they can work across the boundaries of various research fields, having created a cooperative structure between MuroranIT's various centers on campus. At the same time, we are contributing to society by promoting research in the fields of environmental science, disaster management, and new energies.

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Advanced Disaster Prevention Engineering Center
Nagoya Institute of Technology

Nagoya
Japan

Outline
The Advanced Disaster Prevention Engineering Center (ADPEC) was established in November, 2011. Prediction, mitigation and control of huge natural disasters such as earthquake, tsunami and typhoon will be the final goal of ADPEC. By clarifying the process and the mechanism of the natural disasters and developing various kinds of technologies utilized for the huge disasters, we aim to establish the world leading research center for disaster prevention and mitigation.

We energize in "University Consortium for Disaster Mitigation Research in Tokai Area" established in March, 2013. And six national universities participating in consortium let each activity of disaster prevention and mitigation cooperate strongly.

The activities of ADPEC are as follows.

l To oppose a menace of the large-scale natural disaster such as earthquake, tsunami and typhoon, we perform the practical study for the making of city resisting the disaster that can keep people, assets, economic activities by utilizing ability for technology development of ADPEC overall.

l We cope by a social request about disaster prevention and mitigation quickly and support activity to control a disaster from the both sides of hardware and software.

We build Tokai area base of a study, the service of city disaster prevention and mitigation. Furthermore, I build the international collaboration network about the East Asia disaster prevention.



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Research Institute for Natural Hazards & Disaster Recovery, Niigata University

Niigata
Japan

Outline
Established in 2011, by re-organizing twice from the former Research Center on Hazards in Snowy Area originally established in 1978. It has 33 years of history.

It has 3 Divisions (Environmental Change Science, Complex Disaster Science, Local Security Science), and 8 Sections. About 60 academic staffs and 3 administrative staffs are involved. • Oriented to the most major research institute covering the Japan Sea coast area.

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Research Initiative for Natural Disaster Prevention of Oil and Gas Spill in Industrial Parks
Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University

Osaka
Japan

Outline
Oil storage tanks in industrial parks were heavily damaged by large scale tsunami, and large-scale oil spills occurred, which led to fire in entire city area, after Great East Japan earthquake on March 11, 2011.

Much more larger scale disasters of damages and hazardous materials releases will be estimated in Tokyo Bay, Ise Bay or Osaka Bay if Tokai-Tonankai-Nankai earthquake simultaneously occurs. It is very urgent to perform risk assessment of damages and hazardous materials releases caused by large scale earthquake and tsunami, and take countermeasures to decrease such disasters. This research initiative purposes to perform risk assessment of damages and hazardous materials releases caused by large scale earthquake and tsunami, propose countermeasures to decrease such disasters, and finally make concrete guidelines for them.

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