In the aftermath of the disastrous Gilan and Zanjan earthquake in 1990, the Technical Capacity Mobilization Office of Iran was established for the reconstruction of the affected areas in cooperation with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) under the supervision of the Housing Foundation of Islamic Revolution. By ending the World Bank's loan and approving a new statute in 1993, the Centre for Natural Disasters Mitigation Studies of Iran was established and continued its activities until 1998.
In 1998, the Centre was renamed to Natural Disasters Research and Study Centre. As a response to a national need in conducting research on natural disasters, the Centre's statute was revised in 2003. Following the permit issued by the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology and approved by the Higher Education Development Council, the Centre was transformed to the Natural Disasters Research Institute to address these goals: